Protests have taken place in cities across Jordan against IMF-backed austerity measures including a new income-tax draft law and price-hikes, hours after the government and unions failed to reach an agreement to end the standoff.
About 3,000 people faced down a heavy security presence to gather near the prime minister’s office in central Amman until the early hours of Sunday morning, waving Jordanian flags and signs reading “we will not kneel”.
Protests have been happening in the country since Wednesday, when hundreds filled the streets of Amman and demonstrated in other cities to demand the fall of the government.
Last week the government proposed an income-tax draft law, yet to be approved by parliament, aimed at increasing taxes on employees by at least 5% and on companies by between 20% and 40%. It is the latest in a series of economic reforms and repeated price-hikes on basic goods since Amman secured a $723m (£542m) three-year credit line from the International Monetary Fund in 2016.
The Economist Intelligence Unit earlier this year ranked Jordan’s capital as one of the most expensive in the Arab world. Since January, Jordan, which suffers high unemployment and has few natural resources, has seen repeated price rises including on bread, as well as tax hikes on basic goods.
Overnight, protestors outside premier Hani al-Mulki’s office shouted slogans including “the ones raising prices want to burn the country” and “this Jordan is our Jordan, Mulki should leave”.
On saturday the prime minister met trade union representatives who demanded the income tax law be revoked, but failed to reach an agreement.
The head of Jordan’s federation of unions, Ali Obus, demanded that the state “maintain its independence and not bow to IMF demands”.
King Abdullah II called on parliament to lead a “comprehensive and reasonable national dialogue” on the new tax law. “It would not be fair that the citizen alone bears the burden of financial reforms,” he told officials on Saturday evening.
A majority of 78 out of parliament’s 130 representatives have pledged to vote against the income tax law introduced by the government last month. The speaker of Jordan’s senate called a consultative meeting for Sunday.
Mulki told reporters on Saturday that meetings would continue, adding: “Sending this bill to the house of representatives does not mean that the house of representatives will approve it.”